1. What is the front of the saddle called?     pommel
2. What is the back of the saddle called?
3. What is the bit that acts with leverage?   curb
4. Twisted wire and broken describe what part of the bit?  mouthpiece
5. True or False: The thinner the mouthpiece, the more severe the bit.true
6. What is the jaquima? hackamore/bosal
7. A bridle with both a snaffle and a curb is called a ______________.double/full
8. The gullet of the saddle comes above what part of the mule’s body? withers
9. What is the other name for the English noseband?  cavesson
10. What is the belly band of the saddle called?  girth/cinch
11. Where is a gall likely to occur?  at girth contact
12. What piece of equipment do these words refer to: standing, running, bib, Irish, pulley, combined?  martigale
13. What piece of English equipment prevents opening the mouth to evade the bit?  noseband
14. What do you call the short whip that is carried while riding?crop
15. All Purpose refers to what type of saddle?  English
16. What establishes the leverage in a curb bit?  shanks/curb chain
17. True or False: Bad hands are the reason for most bit evasions. true
18. The Australian Stock Saddle was originally called the _____________.  convict saddle 
19. A ____________ is a shaped tail piece designed to help keep the saddle in place.  crouper
20. What is it called to tie a roped calf to the western saddle horn? dally 
21. What type of English saddles have a straighter flap and stirrups positioned farther back?  cutback/saddle seat
22. What does “less fittings” mean?  sold without fittings
23. What fork is not desirable for roping saddles?  undercut
24. Dry spots at what area indicate the saddle is pinching the shoulders?  shoulders
25. All martingales should be used with what kind of bit?  snaffle
26. Most English spurs are _________.  without rowels
27. What is the small snaffle bit called on a double bridle?  bradoon
28. What is a “monkey grip”?  Piece of leather tied to pommel to take the place of horn.
29. True or False: Saddle trees are always made of fiberglass?  false
30. Australian saddles are not recommended for ________ &______.  roping  jumping
31. What is the mecate?  rein on hackamore/bosal
32. Pack saddles use __________ around the mule’s rear to keep the pack from moving.  britchen
33. Close Contact also refers to what kind of saddles?  jumping
34. English stirrup eyes that are not centered are called_________.  offset
35. The following terms refer to what: pelican, egg-shaped, two rope?  saddle horns
36. What kind of bit has a spoon looking port?  spade
37. What is the fiador? hackamore/bosal throatlatch
38. What two kinds of saddle trees are found in English saddles?  spring  regular
39. A Lane Fox is a __________.  cutback saddle show saddle
40. What is in skirt rigging? 
The rings are sewn in the skirting.


1. Pommel
2. Cantle
3. Curb
4. Mouthpiece
5. True
6. Hackamore
7. Double
8. Withers
9. Cavesson
10. Girth
11. At girth contact
12. Martingales
13. Noseband
14. Crop
15. English
16. Shanks & curb chain
17. True
18. Convict saddle
19. Crupper
20. Dally
21. Dressage
22. Sold without fittings
23. Undercut
24. Shoulders
25. Snaffle
26. Blunt
27. Bridoon
28. Piece of leather tied to pommel to take the place of horn.
29. False
30. Roping & jumping
31. The rein on a hackamore
32. Breeching
33. Jumping
34. Offset
35. Horns
36. Spade
37. Hackamore Throatlatch
38. Spring and regular
39. Show saddle
40. The rings are sewn in the skirting.